First Time Home Buyers 5 MIN READ

Ohio First-Time Home Buyer Programs and Grants of 2022

White suburb home with plants and flowers in the yard Written by Aislyn Hobbs

Key takeaways:

  • The Ohio Housing Finance Agency (OHFA) provides affordable 30-year fixed-rate loans, discounted mortgage rates, and generous down payment assistance.
  • The Your Choice! Down Payment Assistance program can grant you either 2.5% or 5% of your home’s value to put towards your down payment, closing costs, or other necessary expenses.
  • Homebuyers may be eligible for a federal tax credit of up to 40% of their mortgage interest to reduce tax liability. 

First-Time Home Buyers in Ohio

Young woman on laptop researching

Buying a house—especially your first one—can be both exhilarating and daunting. On one hand, you can enjoy the warmth and security of owning your home, but on the other hand, you have to navigate mortgages, down payments, closing costs, and more. 

Owning a home can feel out of reach at times, but it doesn’t have to. 

The beautiful Buckeye State has plenty of assistance programs and loans that can help you lock down your dream house before you know it. 

5 First-Time Home Buyer Programs and Grants of 2021 

The Ohio Housing Finance Agency (OHFA) helps first-time (and repeat) home buyers successfully secure a loan, find help with their down payment, and learn more about the home-buying process. Their affordable loan options include 30-year fixed-rate mortgages, intended to help low to moderate-income first-time owners move into their new homes.

OHFA First-Time Home Buyer Assistance

Young couple shaking hands with realtor

According to the OHFA, you are considered an Ohio first time home buyer if you meet at least one of the following requirements:

  • You have not owned or had an ownership interest in your home over the past three years.
  • You are a veteran in good standing.
  • You are purchasing within a target area:
    • Qualified Census Tracts – Challenged housing markets based on household income census data.
    • Areas of Chronic Economic Distress – Designated by the OHFA.

As a “first-time buyer,” you must meet the following additional criteria to qualify for OHFA’s loan assistance programs:

  • You must be within the income and property purchase limits
  • You must meet a designated debt-to-income ratio (varies by loan type) and minimum credit score:
    • 640 for a Conventional, USDA, and VA loan
    • 650 for a FHA loan
  • You must also purchase a qualifying property, which includes:
    • Existing, newly built or nearly completed, and modular single-family dwellings
    • Condominiums that meet OHFA’s additional condominium qualifying criteria
    • Duplexes or multi-family homes (up to four units)
    • Manufactured homes
    • Homes that are no more than two acres within city limits or five acres outside of municipal corporation (with some exceptions)
  • You must also complete OHFA’s free, streamlined Homebuyer Education through any of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development-approved state-wide agencies

OHFA can help first-time buyers secure a number of generous federal loans. Plus, when it comes to assistance programs and first time home buyer grants Ohio residents can tack on one or more of these bonus options to further ease the burden of homeownership:

#1 Your Choice! Down Payment Assistance

Homebuyers can choose to receive either 2.5% or 5% of the home’s value as cash assistance towards their down payment or closing costs. If you sell or refinance within seven years, you must repay this assistance in full—otherwise, it’s forgiven. 

#2 Ohio Heroes 

Ohio public servants can receive special home-buying assistance, including a discounted interest rate for their mortgage. You may combine this offer with down payment assistance. Eligible borrowers include:

  • Veterans, active military, reserve component members, and spouses
  • Emergency response teams, including police, firefighters (volunteer or full-time), emergency medical technicians (EMTs), and paramedics
  • Medical professionals, such as nurses and physicians
  • Teachers (elementary, middle, and high school) and education support staff like administrators and counselors

#3 Grants for Grads 

Recent graduates—from an accredited college or university within the last four years—can receive a discounted mortgage interest rate plus your choice of 2.5% or 5% down payment assistance. If you leave the state of Ohio and sell your property within five years, you’ll be forced to repay this financial assistance, either in part or in full—otherwise, your down payment assistance will be forgiven. 

#4 Mortgage Tax Credit 

The OHFA’s mortgage tax credit allows homebuyers to lower their federal tax liability by up to 40% through a direct federal tax credit on some part of their mortgage interest—determined by location, property and mortgage type:

  • Mortgage Tax Credit Plus – Your tax credit will be 40% of your mortgage interest when used in conjunction with an OHFA First-Time Homebuyer loan, for a maximum of $2000 per year. Your interest rate may be slightly higher when using the Tax Credit Plus, rather than Basic.
  • Mortgage Tax Credit Basic – This option is for other types of mortgages obtained through independent lenders. The size of the tax credit depends on the type of property: 30% for bank-owned homes, 25% for target area properties, and 20% for anything else.

These advantageous loan programs can be used alongside several federal loan options intended for first-time buyers, including:

  • Federal Housing Administration
  • Veterans’ Affairs
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Development
  • Conventional mortgages such asFreddie Mac or Fannie Mae

#5 Communities First Down Payment Assistance

Communities First was created by the Port of Greater Cincinnati Development Authority to provide down payment assistance for Ohio residents. They partner with several private lenders to issue grants—not loans—meaning you won’t be taking out a second mortgage on your home. 

There are several other benefits, too:

  • Instantly receive between 3% and 5% equity on your home
  • No repayment obligation 
  • No restrictions on reselling, refinancing, or minimum residency 
  • An income limit is based on you as the individual borrower, not your entire household

All eligible borrowers must meet the following minimum criteria:

  • Be within the maximum income limit—from $84,000 to $108,000 depending on the county
  • Debt-to-income ratio of 45% or lower
  • Minimum credit score of 640
  • Must move into the house as your primary residence within 60 days

Becoming An Ohio First Time Home Buyer

Planting roots and settling down in your very own home is a big step. Luckily, there are resources available for people just like you. 

The Ohio Housing Finance Agency provides assistance programs and loans, but it can also help you find an approved lender in your area, answer any questions that come up, and equip you with important home-buying information. The Department of Housing and Urban Development similarly offers free and affordable housing counseling through a long list of approved agencies

With the right help from your community, you’ll be more than ready to confidently purchase your first home—and all the ones that come after! 


Newark Advocate. Rebuilding America: Ohio real estate market recovery likely will take months, experts say.

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. Target Area Search. 

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. Am I Eligible? 

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. Purchase Price & Income Limits. 

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. OHFA’s Streamlined Homebuyer Education. 

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. Down Payment Assistance. 

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. Ohio Heroes. 

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. Grants for Grads. 

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. Mortgage Tax Credit. 

Communities First. For Homebuyers. 

Communities First. Communities First – Ohio: 2020 Income Limits (5/20/2020) – Government Loans. 

Ohio Housing Finance Agency. Find a Lender. 

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. HUD Approved Housing Counseling Agencies.

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